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Chile Fact Sheet


Capital: Santiago (founded in 1542)

Population: 16.5 million (2007 estimate)

Official Language: Spanish

Currency: Chilean peso

Government: Stable presidential democracy

Current President: Sebastián Piñera, who assumed office in March 2010

Administrative divisions: 15 regions, 50 provinces, and 341 municipal governments

Religion: 80% Catholic

Literacy: 96%

Life expectancy: 78 yrs

Principal exports: copper, fish, fruit, wine, pulp & paper

Bordering nations: Peru, Bolivia, Argentina

Father of the nation: Bernardo O’Higgins, son of an Irish immigrant who led an army to claim a Republic for Chile from the Spanish in 1810.

Chilean flag: